This report focuses on youth as a specific group. There is no legal definition for youth (nor for children or adults) in Cambodia, but the responsible Department under Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports defines youth as people between 14 and 30 years old. The aim of the study is to map out youth organisations and activities in Cambodia. It also provides some information regarding the general situation for young Cambodians and youth policy from the Government and the major donor agencies.Download: English | Khmer
“Skin on the Cable”
The Illegal Arrest, Arbitrary Detention and Torture of People Who Use Drugs in Cambodia
Cambodians who use drugs confound the notion that drug dependence is a self-inflicted condition that results from a character disorder or moral failing. When Human Rights Watch talked with these people, they were invariably softly spoken and polite. They talked openly and honestly about difficult childhoods (in many cases still underway) living on the streets, or growing up in refugee camps in Thailand. Often young and poorly educated, they spoke of using drugs for extended periods of time. Despite many hardships in their lives, their voices rarely became bitter except when describing their arrest and detention in government drug detention centers. They did not mince words when describing these places. One former detainee, Kakada, was particularly succinct: “I think this is not a rehab center but a torturing center.Download: English | Khmer
Human Trafficking Vulnerabilities in ASIA:
A Study on Forced Marriage Between Cambodia and China
This report examines patterns of forced marriage in the context of broader migratory flows between Cambodia and China. It primarily draws on the accounts of 42 Cambodian women who experienced conditions of forced marriage, with interviews having taken place in both countries. Key informants from government and non-government stakeholders in Cambodia and China were consulted as well.
The objective has been to analyze recruitment, brokering, transportation and exploitation patterns as well as the links between these; to determine service needs amongst Cambodians trafficked to China for forced marriage, in China, during the repatriation process and upon return to Cambodia; as well as to identify opportunities for interventions to prevent forced marriages from occurring and to extend protective services to those in need, at both policy and programming levels.
This report was shared by Economist Intelligent Unit (EIU). EIU has studies on hundreds of countries around the world to ranking best cities. Cambodia was one of 10 bottom country in the list.Download: English | Khmer
They Will Need Land!
The current land tenure situation and future land allocation needs of smallholder farmers in Cambodia
The objective of this background paper is to provide a succinct description of the land tenure situation in Cambodia and, on that basis, discuss the needs smallholder farmers have for land, projected up to the year 2030. The main problem it examines lies at the intersection between, on one hand, the demographic increase in the rural smallholder population and its associated need for land in the future (the demand side) and, on the other hand, the possibility offered by the different land tenure regimes to meet this demand (the supply side); the central question focuses on how supply can meet demand.Download: English | Khmer
The Global Retirement Index (GRI), Survey included 7,100 investors in 22 countries.
GRI is a multi-dimensional index developed by Natixis Global Asset Management and CoreData Research to examine the factors that drive retirement security and to provide a comparison tool for best practices in retirement policy. The index incorporates 18 performance indicators, grouped into four thematic sub-indices, which have been calculated on the basis of reliable data from a range of international organizations and academic sources. It takes into account the particular characteristics of the older demographic retiree group in order to assess and compare the level of retirement security in different countries around the world.Download: English | Khmer
Legal Analysis aims to examine whether the charging of the four charged persons, along with the lengthy pre-trial detention ofthe three detainees, is reasonable and sufficiently supported by the available evidence. This Legal Analysis:
1. Provides factualcontext and background for the case
2. Introduces the facts of the case, the charges against all four charged persons, thedetention of three of the charged persons, and the enforced exile of Alejandro Gonzalez-Davidson from Cambodia
3. Providesan overview of the applicable domestic law and binding international human rights standards
4. Conducts an analysis of thecharges and applies the law to the reported facts
5. Explores a number of related legal issues, including Alejandro Gonzalez-Davidson’s right to be present at his trial, and the legality of the prolonged pre-trial detention of the other three detainees
6. Concludes that the prolonged pre-trial detention of the three activists is arbitrary, the accessory offense is inappropriate inrelation to Alejandro Gonzalez-Davidson, and the charge against the three detained charged persons is unfounded due to thelack of evidence against those charged.
In Cambodia, those tasked with upholding the law are often those who inflict some of the worst abuse. Sex workers in particular know this to be true. Women and girls involved in sex work face beatings, rape, sexual harassment, extortion, arbitrary arrest and detention, forced labor, and other cruel and degrading treatment at the hands of police, public park security guards, government officials, and those working in the centers and offices run by the Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans, and Youth Rehabilitation (MOSAVY).
Sex workers told Human Rights Watch that police officers beat them with their fists, sticks, wooden handles, and batons that administer electric shocks. Police officers also threatened sex workers with guns. In several instances, police officers raped sex workers while they were in police detention. Some sex workers described being detained in Social Affairs centers under horrific conditions, with restricted freedom of movement, experiencing or witnessing beatings or rapes, and inadequate food and medical care.Download: English | Khmer
At midday on October 26, 2015, some two dozen men viciously assaulted two opposition parliamentarians as they left Cambodia’s National Assembly following an anti-opposition demonstration outside the building. Kung Sophea and Nhay Chamraoen of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) were dragged from their cars and beaten, kicked, and stomped on.
The injuries to Sophea and Chamraoen were extensive. Sophea suffered a broken nose and welts and bruises to his head. Repeated kicks to the back resulted in severe lower back pain. He suffered a sprained finger and a bruised shin. His right eardrum was torn, requiring an operation. Chamraoen suffered three fractures in his right wrist and underwent a five-hour operation on his eye socket, as a broken bone below the eye was pushing up into the socket, endangering the eye. He also had a broken nose, a broken front tooth, a bruised left wrist, and significant chest pain.Download: English | Khmer
This research was funded by the Australian Government under CARE’s Protections for Marginalised Urban Women project. The contents of this research can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the Australian Government.
The specific objectives of this study are:
• To analyse the current knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of key duty bearers on GBV–including analysis on GBV in general, on GBV as it is experienced by targeted vulnerable women – and general attitudes and behaviors towards targeted vulnerable women
• To identify leverage points for change, and assess drivers of change (i.e. incentives)
• To develop recommendations to inform future interventions.