Organic Crops or Energy Crops? Options for Rural Development in Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Publication Year: 2015  / Sources: Asian Development Bank

Using the cases of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (the Lao PDR) and Cambodia, this chapter compares the two options for the development of organic agriculture and biofuel with respect to a set of development goals—the focus of which includes not only the narrow economic benefit to the farmers, but also their impact on health, poverty reduction, the environment, and sustainable development overall. There is considerable interest in both these farming enterprises in the two countries, and the public and private sectors are already engaged in a range of activities related to them.

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Cambodia: A Visual Guide of Key Baseline Survey Findings

Publication Year: --  / Sources: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The baseline survey in Cambodia took place from August to November 2010. The survey’s coverage was 15 Community Fisheries (CFis) in 40 villages of Cambodia’s coastal provinces, as well as government agencies in Phnom Penh. A total of 778 people from 15 stakeholder groups were interviewed, of which 624 came from CFis at village level and 53 respondents from government agencies at commune and provincial levels.

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Movement of Indigenous Communities Targeting an Agro-industrial Investment in Northeastern Cambodia

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Asian Journal of Social Science

This study examines the dynamics and outcomes of movements by indigenous communities which targeted an agro-industrial investment demanding remedy to adverse impacts on their socioeconomic conditions. Since the employment of initial institutional tactics, such as peaceful protests and petitions, yielded no significant outcomes, the indigenous communities escalated their tactics to non-institutional tactics: violent protests.

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Gobal Metrics for the Environment

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy, Yale Data Driven Environmental Group, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) ranks countries‘ performance on high-priority environmental issues in two areas: protection of human health and protection of ecosystems. Within these two policy objectives the EPI scores national performance in nine issue areas comprised of more than 20 indicators. Cambodia was also included in this report and its rank was 146th with the score, 51.24. The deforestation issues in Cambodia were raised in this report, too.

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Still Banking on Land Grabs

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Oxfam Australia

Land grabs — often involving forced evictions — are still taking place in some of the world’s poorest countries. This is having devastating impacts on the lives of vulnerable rural communities. Over the last 15 years, 40 million hectares have changed hands through large-scale land acquisitions — much of which is linked to agriculture and timber land grabs.

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Access to Collective Land Titles for Indigenous Communities in Cambodia

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Cambodian Center for Human Rights

In Cambodia, the systematic violation of land rights is one of the most prevalent human rights violations today. The indigenous population in particular is losing their land at an alarming rate due to large-scale logging of forests, resource extraction, infrastructure projects such as dam and pipeline constructions, and land concessions for agri-business.

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Joint Principles for Adaptation: A Civil Society Initiative to Promote Effective and Equitable Adaptation to Climate Change

Publication Year: 2015  / Sources: NGO Forum on Cambodia and Southern Voices

The Joint Principles for Adaptation are a statement by civil society organizations from across the world on what they consider to be a benchmark for good adaptation planning and implementation. They are a tool for ensuring that national policies and plans meets the need and fulfill the rights of the most vulnerable people to adapt to climate change.

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Survey the Compensation Policies and Market Property Price Lower Sesan 2 Dam Development Project

Publication Year: 2015  / Sources: The NGO Forum on Cambodia

The Lower Sesan 2 dam (LSS2) in Stung Treng Province is currently under construction. When complete, it will be the largest hydropower project in Cambodia. The Lower Sesan 2 dam (LSS2) is projected to cause the most severe environmental impact of any dam planned for a tributary of the Mekong River. The main objective of this research is to review relevant and contradicting laws and policies and estimate just and fair compensation for the communities affected by the Lower Sesan 2 dam (LSS2).

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Criminal Justice Response to Wildlife and Forest Crime in Cambodia

Publication Year: 2015  / Sources: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

It is not only Cambodia’s forests that have been exploited. Many of Cambodia’s fauna species have also been targeted and continue to be subjected to illegal trafficking to feed markets in China and Vietnam. Recent seizures point to transnational organised crime groups targeting Cambodia as a transit point for ivory and rhino horn from Africa. The objective of this study therefore is to determine what role the criminal justice system in Cambodia plays in combating the illegal trade in timber and wildlife.

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At Your Own Risk: Reprisals against Critics of World Bank Group Projects

Publication Year: 2015  / Sources: Human Rights Watch

This report describes how people in Cambodia, India, Uganda, Uzbekistan, and elsewhere have faced reprisals from governments and powerful companies for criticizing projects financed by the World Bank and the IFC. The World Bank’s own research has long found correlations between the extent and quality of public participation in projects and the success of development projects.

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