“Skin on the Cable”
The Illegal Arrest, Arbitrary Detention and Torture of People Who Use Drugs in Cambodia
Cambodians who use drugs confound the notion that drug dependence is a self-inflicted condition that results from a character disorder or moral failing. When Human Rights Watch talked with these people, they were invariably softly spoken and polite. They talked openly and honestly about difficult childhoods (in many cases still underway) living on the streets, or growing up in refugee camps in Thailand. Often young and poorly educated, they spoke of using drugs for extended periods of time. Despite many hardships in their lives, their voices rarely became bitter except when describing their arrest and detention in government drug detention centers. They did not mince words when describing these places. One former detainee, Kakada, was particularly succinct: “I think this is not a rehab center but a torturing center.Download: English | Khmer
Human Trafficking Vulnerabilities in ASIA:
A Study on Forced Marriage Between Cambodia and China
This report examines patterns of forced marriage in the context of broader migratory flows between Cambodia and China. It primarily draws on the accounts of 42 Cambodian women who experienced conditions of forced marriage, with interviews having taken place in both countries. Key informants from government and non-government stakeholders in Cambodia and China were consulted as well.
The objective has been to analyze recruitment, brokering, transportation and exploitation patterns as well as the links between these; to determine service needs amongst Cambodians trafficked to China for forced marriage, in China, during the repatriation process and upon return to Cambodia; as well as to identify opportunities for interventions to prevent forced marriages from occurring and to extend protective services to those in need, at both policy and programming levels.
This report was shared by Economist Intelligent Unit (EIU). EIU has studies on hundreds of countries around the world to ranking best cities. Cambodia was one of 10 bottom country in the list.Download: English | Khmer
The Global Retirement Index (GRI), Survey included 7,100 investors in 22 countries.
GRI is a multi-dimensional index developed by Natixis Global Asset Management and CoreData Research to examine the factors that drive retirement security and to provide a comparison tool for best practices in retirement policy. The index incorporates 18 performance indicators, grouped into four thematic sub-indices, which have been calculated on the basis of reliable data from a range of international organizations and academic sources. It takes into account the particular characteristics of the older demographic retiree group in order to assess and compare the level of retirement security in different countries around the world.Download: English | Khmer
In this report we give new attention to the inequality of happiness across individuals. The distribution of world happiness is presented first by global and regional charts showing the distribution of answers, from roughly 3,000 respondents in each of more than 150 countries, to a question asking them to evaluate their current lives on a ladder where 0 represents the worst possible life and 10, the best possible.
Web-link: World Happiness ReportDownload: English | Khmer
Investigation Report: Global Fund Grants in Cambodia
Principal Recipients CNM, NCHADS and MoH and NCHADS Sub-recipient MEDiCAM
The Investigations Unit of the Office of the Inspector General of the Global Fund has carried out an extensive investigation of allegations of fraud and financial abuse in Rounds 1 through 9 of multiple grant programs financed by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the “Global Fund”) to the Kingdom of Cambodia. The investigation has focused upon certain government entity implementer in the health sector within Cambodia, including the National Center for Parasitology, Entomology and Malaria Control (“CNM”), a Principal Recipient (“PR”); the National Centre for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STD Control (“NCHADS”), also a PR; and MEDiCAM, a Sub-recipient (“SR”) of the Ministry of Health (“MoH”) and NCHADS.1 CNM and NCHADS are not distinct or separate legal entities from the MoH, and thus are considered part of the Cambodian government.
The OIG investigation was initiated as a result of findings from the 2009 OIG audit of the Global Fund grants to Cambodia, which included the identification of procurement irregularities and substantial weaknesses in internal controls, along with complaints received through the OIG anti-fraud web and whistle-blower hotlines. Further allegations, including those of fraud, abuse, bribery, corruption and other forms of financial abuse, such as misuse of funds by senior officials in Global Fund-supported programs, arose throughout the course of this investigation.
The investigation has identified sufficient credible and substantive evidence of corruption, procurement irregularities, and misuse and misappropriation of grant funds, in connection with Global Fund programsDownload: English | Khmer
The 2010 Corruption and Cambodian Households survey (A quantitative household survey on Perceptions, Attitudes, and Impact of Everyday forms of Corrupt Practices in Cambodia)
The result suggests positive signs in the fight against corruption in Cambodia. Perception of public services and integrity of service and political institutions in Cambodia has improved considerably since an earlier survey in 2005. In particular, there has been a remarkable shift in attitudes towards public services such as health, education, public registry and business licensing. Even perceptions regarding police officers and judges, who scored lowest on the survey, have improved considerably.Download: English | Khmer
The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia, Rhona Smith, called on the Cambodian authorities to further strengthen the protection of women and indigenous peoples’ rights in the country.Download: English | Khmer
During the Khmer Rouge (KR) regime in Cambodia, people belonging to sexual minorities, examined as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people (LGBT), were forced to experience specific forms of gender-based violence and sexual violence that were not experienced by the majority of Khmer people. (…) The motivation to conduct this pioneering research started with my strong commitment to break the culture of denial of basic human rights of sexual minorities in Cambodia. Enabling the voices of the most marginalized group to be heard can contribute to empowering older victims of the KR and youth alike.
Discourse and research about gender-based violence in the Khmer Rough Regime has focused almost exclusively on violence perpetrated against women. The KR regime was the period when the government with extreme communism forced people in cities to move to rural areas.
This report focuses on the 267 residential care institutions that meet the standard definition of a residential care institution as described in Annex 1. Briefly, residential care is a group living arrangement for children who have been abandoned or cannot stay with their biological families or relatives in communities, and where care and services are provided by remunerated adults.Download: English | Khmer