Human Rights 2016: Six Months in Review

Publication Year: August 2016  / Sources: LICADHO

This is the Human Rights Report in 2016 within first six months monitored by LICADHO.

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ILO Policy Brief on Youth Employment in Cambodia

Publication Year: 2007  / Sources: International Labor Organization (ILO)

Cambodia has a young population with 39 per cent of the population in 2004 below 15 years of age, down from 43 per cent in 1998. By 2004 the dependency ratio showing the children and elderly as a percentage of the intermediate group was 74 per cent.1 Youth aged 15–24 represented 22 percent of the population that year. Large numbers of young people are entering
the labour force as a result of a baby boom in the 1980s. Measures must be taken to ensure that youth do not add to underemployment in the countryside or lead to higher rates of urban unemployment but instead contribute to growth and development through productive employment.

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2014 Post-UPR National Consultation Outcome Report

Publication Year: 2014  / Sources: Cambodian Center for Human Rights (CCHR)

This Outcome Report summarizes presentations, panel discussions and small group discussions undertaken during the 2014 Post-Universal Periodic Review National Consultation organized by CCHR and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (“OHCHR”) in Cambodia.

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Youth in Cambodia

Publication Year: 2002  / Sources: Forum Syd Cambodia

This report focuses on youth as a specific group. There is no legal definition for youth (nor for children or adults) in Cambodia, but the responsible Department under Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports defines youth as people between 14 and 30 years old. The aim of the study is to map out youth organisations and activities in Cambodia. It also provides some information regarding the general situation for young Cambodians and youth policy from the Government and the major donor agencies.

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Skin on the Cable: The Illegal Arrest, Arbitrary Detention and Torture of People who use Drugs in Cambodia

Publication Year: 2010  / Sources: Human Rights Watch

“Skin on the Cable”
The Illegal Arrest, Arbitrary Detention and Torture of People Who Use Drugs in Cambodia

Cambodians who use drugs confound the notion that drug dependence is a self-inflicted condition that results from a character disorder or moral failing. When Human Rights Watch talked with these people, they were invariably softly spoken and polite. They talked openly and honestly about difficult childhoods (in many cases still underway) living on the streets, or growing up in refugee camps in Thailand. Often young and poorly educated, they spoke of using drugs for extended periods of time. Despite many hardships in their lives, their voices rarely became bitter except when describing their arrest and detention in government drug detention centers. They did not mince words when describing these places. One former detainee, Kakada, was particularly succinct: “I think this is not a rehab center but a torturing center.

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Human Trafficking Vulnerabilities in ASIA: A Study on Forced Marriage Between Cambodia and China

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: United Nations Action for Cooperation against Trafficking in Persons (UN-ACT)

Human Trafficking Vulnerabilities in ASIA:
A Study on Forced Marriage Between Cambodia and China
This report examines patterns of forced marriage in the context of broader migratory flows between Cambodia and China. It primarily draws on the accounts of 42 Cambodian women who experienced conditions of forced marriage, with interviews having taken place in both countries. Key informants from government and non-government stakeholders in Cambodia and China were consulted as well.
The objective has been to analyze recruitment, brokering, transportation and exploitation patterns as well as the links between these; to determine service needs amongst Cambodians trafficked to China for forced marriage, in China, during the repatriation process and upon return to Cambodia; as well as to identify opportunities for interventions to prevent forced marriages from occurring and to extend protective services to those in need, at both policy and programming levels.

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Best Cities Ranking and Report

Publication Year: 2012  / Sources: Economist Intelligence Unit

This report was shared by Economist Intelligent Unit (EIU). EIU has studies on hundreds of countries around the world to ranking best cities. Cambodia was one of 10 bottom country in the list.

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They Will Need Land!

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Jean-Christophe, Mekong Region Land Governance

They Will Need Land!
The current land tenure situation and future land allocation needs of smallholder farmers in Cambodia

The objective of this background paper is to provide a succinct description of the land tenure situation in Cambodia and, on that basis, discuss the needs smallholder farmers have for land, projected up to the year 2030. The main problem it examines lies at the intersection between, on one hand, the demographic increase in the rural smallholder population and its associated need for land in the future (the demand side) and, on the other hand, the possibility offered by the different land tenure regimes to meet this demand (the supply side); the central question focuses on how supply can meet demand.

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2016 Natixis Global Retirement Index

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Natixis Global Asset Management and CoreData Research

The Global Retirement Index (GRI), Survey included 7,100 investors in 22 countries.

GRI is a multi-dimensional index developed by Natixis Global Asset Management and CoreData Research to examine the factors that drive retirement security and to provide a comparison tool for best practices in retirement policy. The index incorporates 18 performance indicators, grouped into four thematic sub-indices, which have been calculated on the basis of reliable data from a range of international organizations and academic sources. It takes into account the particular characteristics of the older demographic retiree group in order to assess and compare the level of retirement security in different countries around the world.

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Legal Analysis of The Prosecution of Four Mother Nature Activists

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Cambodian Center for Human Rights (CCHR)

Legal Analysis aims to examine whether the charging of the four charged persons, along with the lengthy pre-trial detention of​the three detainees, is reasonable and sufficiently supported by the available evidence. This Legal Analysis:
1. Provides factual​context and background for the case
2. Introduces the facts of the case, the charges against all four charged persons, the​detention of three of the charged persons, and the enforced exile of Alejandro Gonzalez-Davidson from Cambodia
3. Provides​an overview of the applicable domestic law and binding international human rights standards
4. Conducts an analysis of the​charges and applies the law to the reported facts
5. Explores a number of related legal issues, including Alejandro Gonzalez-Davidson’s right to be present at his trial, and the legality of the prolonged pre-trial detention of the other three detainees
6. Concludes that the prolonged pre-trial detention of the three activists is arbitrary, the accessory offense is inappropriate in​relation to Alejandro Gonzalez-Davidson, and the charge against the three detained charged persons is unfounded due to the​lack of evidence against those charged.

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