Human Development Report 2016

Publication Year: 2017  / Sources: UNDP

The 2016 Human Development Report is the latest in the series of global Human Development Reports published
by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since 1990 as independent, analytically and empirically
grounded discussions of major development issues, trends and policies.

Additional resources related to the 2016 Human Development Report can be found online at,
including digital versions of the Report and translations of the overview in more than 20 languages, an interactive
web version of the Report, a set of background papers and think pieces commissioned for the Report, interactive
maps and databases of human development indicators, full explanations of the sources and methodologies used in
the Report’s composite indices, country profiles and other background materials as well as previous global, regional
and national Human Development Reports. The 2016 Report and the best of Human Development Report Office
content, including publications, data, HDI rankings and related information can also be accessed on Apple iOS and
Android smartphones via a new and easy to use mobile app.

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Built on Slavery: Debt Bondage and Child Labour in Cambodia’s Brick Factories

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (LICADHO)

The interviews and group discussions covered a range of topics including details of the interviewees’ daily lives and their work; their financial situations and the amount of debt owed by them or their families; how they had come to brick factory work; employment practices; the use of child labour; access to education; and injuries caused by factory machinery.

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The Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: Klaus Schwab, World Economic Forum

Cambodia ranks 89th, up one position from last year. Among Asian nations, it is the one that has posted the largest GCI score improvement—from 3.5 to 4.0—since 2007. Despite the positive trend, the challenges are many and significant. Cambodia ranks no better than 50th in any of the 12 pillars of the Index; in half of them it sits beyond the 100th mark. Of particular concern is its mediocre performance in three of the four areas that constitute the basic drivers of competitiveness: institutions (104th, up seven), infrastructure (106th, down five), and health and primary education (103rd, down 16). Moreover, Cambodia ranks 124th in higher education and training, its poorest performance in any pillar. It is estimated that secondary education enrollment is around 50 percent. With a median age of 23.8, Cambodia is home to one of the youngest populations in Asia. Ensuring access to quality of education for all should therefore be a policy priority.

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The Human Capital Report 2016

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: World Economic Forum

The Human Capital Report aims to combine public international statistics, qualitative perception data and big data metrics to provide a comprehensive picture of the situation today as well as the opportunities for the future. The Human Capital Index quantifies how 130 countries are developing and deploying their human capital, and tracks progress over time. It takes a life-course approach to human capital, evaluating the levels of education, skills and employment available to people in five distinct age groups. In addition to the Index, the Report also explores skills in-depth through a unique partnership with LinkedIn and the emerging shape of the labour market on digital platforms, using data from, Didi Chuxing, Uber and Upwork.

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Rule of Law Index 2015

Publication Year: 2015  / Sources: World Justice Project (WJP)

The Rule of Law Index 2015 was prepared by The World Justice Project (WJP)’s research team. This research has measured on 8 factors: constraints on government powers, absence of corruption, open government, fundamental rights, order and security, regulatory enforcement, civil justice, and criminal justice. A ninth factor, informal justice, is measured but not included in aggregated scores and rankings. These factors are intended to reflect how people experience rule of law in everyday life. This WJP Rule of Law Index 2015 are derived from more than more than 100,000 household and expert surveys in 102 countries and jurisdictions. The report showed that Cambodia ranked 99 out of 102 countries and dead last in the East Asia and Pacific region.

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Discrimination Against Transgender Women in Cambodia’s Urban Centers

Publication Year: Sep 2016  / Sources: Cambodian Center for Human Rights (CCHR)

This research report documents human rights issues faced by transgender women in Cambodia’s Urban centers, and recommends actions to secure their rights to equality, dignity, health and security.

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Youth in Cambodia: A Force for Change

Publication Year: 2008  / Sources: Pact Cambodia

More than half the population of Cambodia is less than 20 years old, and youth comprise almost 20% of the total population. Unlike some countries in Southeast Asia where this percentage is expected to decline by 2030, the proportion of youth in the population is expected to peak in 2035 with average annual growth of 0.1% in 2005-2015 and 1.0% in 2025-2035.

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ILO Policy Brief on Youth Employment in Cambodia

Publication Year: 2007  / Sources: International Labor Organization (ILO)

Cambodia has a young population with 39 per cent of the population in 2004 below 15 years of age, down from 43 per cent in 1998. By 2004 the dependency ratio showing the children and elderly as a percentage of the intermediate group was 74 per cent.1 Youth aged 15–24 represented 22 percent of the population that year. Large numbers of young people are entering
the labour force as a result of a baby boom in the 1980s. Measures must be taken to ensure that youth do not add to underemployment in the countryside or lead to higher rates of urban unemployment but instead contribute to growth and development through productive employment.

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Volunteerism: Harnessing the Potential to Develop Cambodia

Publication Year: 2008  / Sources: Youth Star Cambodia & United Nations Volunteers

Youth Star Cambodia and United Nations Volunteers Cambodia commissioned a research project on volunteers and their contribution to national development. While volunteers are widely present in development, there is little current information that assesses their contributions. The research project began in December 2007, and the fieldwork concluded at the end of February 2008.
The aims of the research were to:
1. get a clear picture of the current volunteer infrastructure and environment in Cambodia, including the profiles of volunteers, their communities and their projects;
2. provide recommendations on how opportunities for Cambodians to volunteer can be increased and a clear understanding of the needs within volunteering organisations;
3. explore ways in which volunteerism can be better integrated and linked to national development objectives and initiatives;
4. provide recommendations on how donor support could be better targeted to increase volunteer participation in sustainable development.

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World Drug Report 2016

Publication Year: 2016  / Sources: UNODC

The World Drug Report 2016, which provides a comprehensive overview of major developments in drug markets, trafficking routes and the health impact of drug use, supports comprehensive, balanced and integrated rights-based approaches. The text highlights the importance of drug abuse prevention and treatment; encourages the development, adoption and implementation of alternative or additional measures with regard to conviction or punishment; and promotes
proportionate national sentencing policies, practices and guidelines for drug-related offences.

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